The retina is a lining of the back part of the eye that consists out of light sensitive tissue. The retina changes the light rays into impulses that is sent through the optic nerve to the brain where the light rays are interpreted as images.
Retinal detachment occurs when the retina detaches from the back part of your eye, this can occur spontaneously or as a result of trauma to the eye – like bungee jumping or traumatic diseases like uncontrolled diabetes. When your retina detaches the retinal cells get deprived of oxygen – this is a MEDICAL EMERGENCY! A retinal detachment isn’t accompanied by any pain but early signs may indicate that the retina is detaching. These symptoms include:
- Blurred vision
- Sudden flashes of light
- An increase in amount of floaters
- Feeling as if a black curtain is being pulled across your field of vision causing a big shadow.
Consequences of a retinal detachment depend on the type of detachment, if the macular area (the area responsible for central vision and fine detail) wasn’t involved, the prognosis is good. However if your macula was damaged during the detachment full visual recovery will not be regained.
It’s not possible to prevent a retinal detachment but wearing protective wear during action sports, controlling blood sugar levels, going for regular eye tests and knowing your signs and symptoms may help lower your risk of developing a retinal detachment.